Romans Bible Study – Week Seven (Sin, Death, Grace, and life)

Romans Bible Study – Week Seven (Sin, Death, Grace, and life)

Last week, I announced that I was changing the things up with the Bible study, hopefully, to allow you to get more involved. If you missed that post, I basically shared the passage I would be writing on and asked anyone who wanted to study it for themselves and to share their thoughts and questions with me.

I honestly did not expect anyone to take the time to study the passage and send in their thoughts.

BUT, one very faithful reader of mine worked really really hard, studied the passage, sent me the longest email, shared some really good points, and shared their question. And I am so grateful! Shout out to this amazing person! (You know who you are.)

In this post, I will share my thoughts on the passage and I’ll answer the one question I received. ūüėõ

First, read the passage. No, seriously.


12 Therefore, just as¬†sin came into the world through one man, and¬†death through sin, and¬†so death spread to all men[a]¬†because¬†all sinned‚ÄĒ13¬†for sin indeed was in the world before the law was given, but¬†sin is not counted where there is no law.¬†14¬†Yet death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those whose sinning was not¬†like the transgression of Adam,¬†who was a type of¬†the one who was to come.

15¬†But the free gift is not like the trespass. For if many died through one man’s trespass, much more have the grace of God and the free gift by the grace of that one man Jesus Christ abounded for¬†many.¬†16¬†And the free gift is not like the result of that one man’s sin. For¬†the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation, but the free gift following many trespasses brought¬†justification.¬†17¬†For if, because of one man’s trespass, death reigned through that one man, much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of righteousness¬†reign in life through the one man Jesus Christ.

18¬†Therefore, as one trespass[b]¬†led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness[c]¬†leads to justification and life for¬†all men.¬†19¬†For as by the one man’s¬†disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man’s¬†obedience the many will be made righteous.¬†20¬†Now¬†the law came in to increase the trespass, but where sin increased,¬†grace abounded all the more,¬†21¬†so that,¬†as sin reigned in death,¬†grace also might reign through righteousness leading to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.


My Super Basic Outline:

I see this passage in four parts:

  1. Sin
  2. Death
  3. Grace
  4. Life

Some call these the four monarchs. I want to expound a little on each of these, sharing my thoughts. These four monarchs sum up this passage pretty well.


#1) Sin

As verse 12 states, sin came into the world through one man. Adam introduced something completely new and foreign to this world when he sinned. When he bit into the fruit and ate what God clearly commanded him not to eat, sin began its reign in the world.

#2) Death

I would like to answer a question that someone asked me, I’ll share their question and move on to my answer.

“I have a question on this passage,

‚Äúfor sin indeed was in the world before the law was given,¬†but sin is not counted where there is no law.‚ÄĚ –Romans‚Ĩ ‚Ä≠5:13‚Ĩ (‚Ä≠ESV)‚Ĩ‚Ĩ

The underlined portion rather confused me, like how can sin ‚Äėnot count‚Äô? With or without the law it‚Äôs still sin. Does it mean like with no set laws, there‚Äôs no way to ‚Äėcount‚Äô sin as a wrong? Even though it obviously is. I don‚Äôt know, what is your thoughts on this? Maybe I‚Äôm just not seeing it.”

I think–and I’m not speaking with any sort of authority, just simply stating my perception–that this verse is comparing all of Mankind’s sin from Adam to Moses with Adam’s sin.

The specific nature of Adam’s sin was such that he directly disobeyed a specific command from God. God told him¬†not¬†to eat from the tree of good and evil. Adam disobeyed God and chose to eat the fruit.

Adam was given a law and he¬†disobeyed. So the consequences of Adam’s sin carried on through all Mankind’s sin, which is death.

Mankind was not responsible for Adam’s sin, yet they still died. Sin still reigned¬†in them because of Adam’s personal and direct sin.

I don’t know if this really helps much to answer the question, that’s how I see it, though.

But, I don’t want this maybe confusing verse to distract us from sin and death which are terrible¬†realities and need a powerful answer. Paul is so eager to expound on this.

#3) Grace

I love writing about grace, it’s honestly the greatest thing that God ever created.

I also love Paul’s creativity in his writing. Paul shares the idea that just as sin entered the world through one man, so grace entered through one man. And just as sin reigned through¬†all mankind because of one man (Adam), so grace reigns through all because of one man (Jesus).

Grace is such a wonderful thing. In modern day, we have God’s word to direct our lives. We¬†know¬†the law. We know the commands God¬†has for us, yet we don’t always obey them. We’re sinners and flawed human beings.

But, God has mercy on us. We deserve death but God gives us life and so we move on to the final Monarch.

#4) Life

Eternal life is a gift from God. As I mentioned already, we deserve death. We’re all rotten corrupted sinners. We deserve nothing at all.

We’re fallen creatures, flawed in more ways than one. We’re all rebellious against God.

But God sent Jesus to pay for our sins, to excuse our rebellion and to forgive us.

He gave us life when we deserved death. And this is the greatest thing of all, that Jesus loves us enough to overlook our sin and to give us eternal life with Him.

That’s all I have to say for now. Next Friday, I plan to write another post on Romans Chapter Six, yes, the whole thing.

I hope to do the same and give you guys an opportunity to share your thoughts and questions with me. I will do my best to answer them and if they fit in with the post I will add them in. Maybe I can even get two people to help me this time! If you want to help me just fill out the form below.

Thank you so much for reading this, it’s meaningful to know that people are picking up what I’m putting down. I hope to challenge you in your walk with Christ, all for his glory.




Featured Photo by Myles Tan on Unsplash


Published by Zachary Pierpont

Zachary is a 17-year-old blogger with a passion for Christ. His blog is all about Christian living, mostly directed toward young people. His desire is to encourage and strengthen those who read his writing to chase with all their heart the mind-blowing wonder of Christ. He loves spending time with friends and family, playing drums and guitar, writing, and enjoying God's beautiful creation in Northern Michigan where he lives. You can find him on his blog,